Description This plant is a great addition to a partial shade area of the garden with moderate moisture and substantial organic matter in the soil. Cultivation Under glass, grow in loamed-based potting compost (JI No.2) with added leaf mould, in bright filtered or bright indirect light. Free Catalog! Some need the winter chill to flower properly and may take a couple of years to exhibit optimum bloom quality. Half hardy perennial. Proper planting Orchid Bletilla Growing blats can occur from pseudobulb or seed. Bletilla then go into their winter dormancy. Fertilize in early spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer. The stem of the orchid is typically 30 to 50 cm in height, and Bletilla has leaves that are lance shaped. Pseudobulbs should have a uniform color, be strong and devoid of signs of rotting. The plants have rose-purple petals and sepals, highlighted by a purple lip with yellow markings. If the plant is in the garden it is important to put a deep mulch over the plant in October. Many gladioli also survive winters in our gardens, thanks to global warming—every cloud has a silver lining! Regular watering. Mulch the soil with organic matter such as pine needles. How to Grow Bletilla Orchids Orchids can be grown from either seed or root stocks, if growing Bletilla outdoors then seeds should be sown in the surface from early spring on to the middle of summer. Where Bletilla is not winter hardy (Zone 5 and colder), it can be grown in containers and brought indoors. Since 1950 we have been providing a wide range of perennials, annuals, bulbs, shrubs, vines, amaryllis, gardening tools & supplies, and gifts for gardeners. Keep dry in winter while plants are dormant. Sow Outside: Seeds: Surface. Established plants can generally get by on less water, but most grow best if the soil remains evenly moist. The dish should then be covered with cling-film. Some afternoon shade is essential in hot St. Louis summers. Growing hardy orchids here in the United States need a rich, loamy soil similar to that of the woodland floor. Do not grow in an area that receives afternoon sun in hotter areas. Miscellaneous: Inflorescent shoots are annual in nature. Terrestrial Orchid ‘Kate’ PPAF (Bletilla yokohama) Hardy terrestrial orchids are exotic perennials that can be grown in outdoor gardens (zones 6 and higher). The care of Bletilla orchids is not the easiest of things. Most established plants grow best if fertilized with a light hand. Orchids can be grown from either seed or root stocks, if growing Bletilla outdoors then seeds should be sown in the surface from early spring on to the middle of summer. The clusters of long-lasting flowers on slender stems and the deeply veined, Iris-like leaves arise from tuber-shaped rootstocks (corm-like pseudobulbs). Substrate, growing media and repotting: Bletilla striata need a well draining humus rich potting mix containing loam and leaf mulch and some fertilizer should be used that should last for 3 to 4 years to avoid the need for repotting. Regional. May be best to lift plants once they are dormant and store indoors in a frost free area. Morning sun and afternoon shade is ideal when growing hardy orchids. Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0. In late spring, arching stems of pink orchid flowers appear. Late winter to early spring. Bletilla striata is hardy down to a temperature of 25°F (-3.5°C). Lipped. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: Gwynn Oak, Maryland. Water thoroughly after planting and give new plants a good soaking once a week during summer, unless rainfall is plentiful (more than 1 inch per week). Temperature 65 to 70°F (18 to 21°C). Plant them in moist but well-drained, rich, and organic soil. Next cover the saucer with glass or cling film. Germination may take up to a whole year, but as little as a month. Bletilla 'Brigantes' (Brigantes Chinese Ground Orchid) This 1994 Richard Evenden introduction is a seed grown cultivar from a cross between Bletilla striata x Bletilla ochracea. Plant the corm-like pseudobulbs (or tuberous rhizomes) about four inches apart and two to three inches deep in rich, organic, well-drained but consistently moist soil. An alternative is to grow Bletilla in containers and bring them indoors for the winter. Continuing Care: Easy to grow, Bletilla will spread to form generous clumps. Common Names: Orchid. The flowering is at its best at the beginning of the summer (June, July). GardenersHQ © 2005-2021 Dean Ravenscroft / Thank you for visiting my gardening site; 2021 - 01 - 12 : Privacy Policy. At the end of November, when the leaves have faded, the floral scape can be cut, preserving a ste… If planted in any reasonable compost that doesn’t sour, it will grow and if given adequate sunshine it will also flower. Chesapeake, Virginia Flower Details: Purple, white, yellow. Mix in peat and leaf mold to the soil. They should be transplanted at a distance of 20 to 25 cm in well drained peat rich soil in a shaded area of the garden. Pseudobulbs/root: cover. We recommend against fertilizing at planting time and during the first growing season in your garden. These spring-flowering perennial hardy orchids are quite durable in a wide range of garden conditions. Height: 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm). and Polytoma Lour. Once seeds germinate they should be transferred to pots with moist soil and kept in light at about 20 degrees Celsius. Though there are many types of orchid Bletilla flowers in the early spring with white or purple flowers. N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed. Orchids can then be transplanted outside after the last frost of spring. If you have always thought hardy orchids were difficult to grow, then give a bletilla a try. Growing Region: Zones 9 to 10. A deciduous terrestrial Orchid for woodland gardens, with blossoms that resemble little Cattleyas opening in June and July. Bletilla striata In this video we look at how to plant and divide Bletilla striata which is commonly called the ‘Chinese Ground Orchid’. White Flower Farm • 1-800-503-9624, Blackmore & Langdon Begonias & Delphiniums, Customer-Favorite Annual Container Designs, Fertilizer & Supplies for Annual Containers, All Preplanned Gardens & Plant Collections, Discounted Gift Certificates Available Now, Add a $50 Gift Card to Your Bouquet or Gift Set for Just $25, Growing Bletilla (Hardy Chinese Ground Orchid). Regular feed. We fertilize perennials just once--in early spring--with a light but even coverage of a balanced, granular fertilizer (such 10-10-10 or an organic fertilizer). You may wish to initially grow this plant in a pot so that it can be stored in a frost-fee environment over winter. I planted them years ago smack against my very sunny South facing house wall and they do thrive there. Plants should then be cut back to the ground following flowering. You may also enjoy the following growing guides: How to grow Orchis and Martynia plants. Keep the whole pot enclosed inside a clean plastic bag for several … After flowering, continue to provide regular moisture to plants for the rest of the growing season. When in doubt, don't water. I grow Bletilla here in NJ, zone 6b. Bletilla Root stocks should be buried just below the surface in late winter to early spring. Keep the soil moist during active growth reducing the volume provided in winter. A real curiosity, treasured in the shady rock garden. Securely stake the stem it is growing on, and trim it back. When the stem above the baby dies, it might even flower on its own. Fill a pot with sterilized, chopped, sphagnum moss and dampen it with soft, lime-free water (Not from your tap if you get furry limescale in your kettle though). Sprinkle the seeds on to the moss. Please note that more is not better. Box 50, Route 63 ~ Litchfield, Connecticut 06759 ~ 1-800-503-9624 We recommend against fertilizing at planting time and during the first growing season in your garden. Keep dry in winter Propagation Divide in … Cut back to the ground in autumn. Flowers: Early summer. Of all of the hardy orchids for sale, none are easier to grow than Bletilla. Sow Inside: Sow fresh seeds in a saucer upon blotting paper or a soaked towel. Bletilla, common name urn orchid, is a temperate, terrestrial genus of orchids containing five currently recognized species distributed through China, Japan, Taiwan, south to Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. If you enjoy the information on this site, then you'll love my book: The Gardener's HQ Plant Growing Guide. Spacing 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm). Chinese Ground Orchid. Good drainage. The potting mixture is as for terrestrial orchid – sphagnum, cocoa chips, debris, bark, perlite and some soil, but some grow Bletilla in a pure soil for African Violets. #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } We invite you to browse our website, and to join our email list for special offers and useful gardening tips. Bletilla ‘Kate’ is a vigorous plant with long sword-shaped leaves. The house wall did the trick for me. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. The name is actually a diminutive of Bletia because of the resemblance between the two genera even though Bletia is a New World genus. Keep dry in winter while plants are dormant. Dig a hole approximately 15cm (6in) deep so that there is plenty of room for the roots to take hold. Family: Orchidaceae. */. Bletilla Orchids will require regular fertilizing and watering. White Flower Farm is a family-owned mail-order nursery located in northwestern Connecticut. A normal shape 250mm diameter nursery pot is best. For best flowering, give it a period at or near freezing; mulch during winter. Bletillas will respond to good feeding throughout the season, using a high potash liquid fertilizer at ¼ normal dilution. Plant corm-like pseudobulbs to 4” deep in spring. From there they were planted out and > began flowering 3-4 years from sowwing, which is remarkably quick > compared to most other orchids. This beauty will naturalize and spread modestly by creeping rhizomes and by seed dispersal in ideal growing conditions. I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Bletilla orchids. Although fairly hardy, it may be grown in a pot to overwinter inside where winters are extremely cold. Its beautiful, fan-like pleated leaves are showy in the spring through the summer. Roslyn, New York. This will prevent weeds from growing around the plant and also help retain moisture in the soil. In this video we take a large clump of Bletilla Striata and propagate the many bulbs that have been growing for over 3 years in a pot. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. More plants can be created by dividing large clumps of plants after they have flowered. In zones 6 to 7 provide a moderate mulch made from straw or leaves. P.O. K. van Bourgondien's No-Risk Guarantee. It forms a clump 50 centimetres (20 in) tall with sword-shaped leaves and bright pink flowers in Spring. The best conditions to grow this plant is in the ground in a nice rich loam that is constantly moist in full sun. How to care for Bletilla Requirements: Partial and full shade. Available for Kindle (MOBI), iPad (ePub) and as a PDF. Fertilizer/Soil and pH: Grow in moist, well-drained soil rich in humus. Foliage: Lance-shaped. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. They should be planted in prepared soil to a depth of 5 cm and at a distance of 15 cm from each other. Easily grown in organically rich, moist, well-drained soils in part shade. Provide support. With sufficient mulching, these can be cold hardy orchids down to USDA zones 5-6. If a concentrated, water-soluble fertilizer is used, please follow the manufacturers' recommendations carefully. It however is just as happy in … Transplant outdoors following the last frost. To zone 5 with a lot of loving care. Bletilla striata can last for years in our Long Island gardens and will grow to be 16” tall. Spring to the middle of summer. They are beautiful plants and should be grown where they can be seen, such as by shaded paths or even in barrels. They shouldn't be confused with the Ground Orchid, Spathoglottis plicata. Bletilla striata - the hyacinth orchid - is a species of flowering plant in the orchid family Orchidaceae, native to Japan and China. Light/Watering: Full sun to partial shade, protected from afternoon sun. In areas of high winter rainfall a pot over the clump may also be useful. When in doubt, don't water. Apply a quarter strength balanced liquid fertiliser with every third watering. Subscribe to enjoy gardening advice, email offers & more, Keep up with White Flower Farm on Social Media. This relatively easy-to-grow orchid produces slender, pleated leaves. The genera Jimensia Raf. Transplant emerging seedlings to pots. Following the flowering, the foliage, fairly persistent, remains green at least until October before fading and disappearing completely. Orchid seeds should be placed on damp blotting paper in a dish. Life Cycle: Hardy perennial. Orchid-like. Erect racemes. Buy Hardy Ground Orchid Mix (Bletilla striata) at Wholesale Price on DutchBulbs.com - Growers of quality Dutch Bulbs & Perennials since 1893. Bletilla Root stocks should be buried just below the surface in late winter to early spring. It begins flowering in June and the bloom cycle lasts up to 2 months. Bletilla striata (Chinese Ground Orchid) The 9 species of Bletilla, of which the most popular is Bletilla striata, the Chinese Ground Orchid, are terrestrial orchids that are hardy in places where the ground doesn't freeze. Native: Oriental. The best time to plant an orchid is spring. Plants need time to settle in before being pushed to grow. Green. Protect from slugs. White Flower Farm® is a registered trademark of White Flower Farm, Inc. Bletilla striata photograph by Cliff1066. I tried them on several spots in the garden and always lost them. All contents © 2021 White Flower Farm All rights reserved. After flowering, continue to provide regular moisture to plants for the remainder of the growing season. Hardy Orchid. In summer water freely, applying a quarter strength balanced liquid fertiliser at every third watering. Propagate: clumps can be divided once flowering has finished. How to propagate Bletilla It is possible to propagate Bletilla by division in autumn or by seed. The new Bletilla shoots appear during April and open out into a bouquet of leaves in the spring. South Jordan, Utah. Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soil in part shade. The plant is suitable to grow in medium or loamy soils. Fertilizer/Soil and pH: Grow in moist, well-drained soil rich in humus. It is not very easy to grow Bletilla from seeds indoors, but certainly possible. Germination time: one month to one year in the light. Leave it there at least until it has several healthy roots … Therefore, it likes moist (specifically medium moisture), rich (organically enriched) soil that is well-drained. > Growing Bletilla using laboratory methods would probably cut a year > off the time to flowering. We also offer gardening advice and how-to information to gardeners throughout the United States. Up to fourteen flowers per shoot. Mulch with pine needles or other organic material to discourage weed growth and to conserve moisture. In zone 5 provide a heavy mulch. Established plants can generally get by on less water, but most grow best if the soil remains evenly moist. Please note that more is not better. Once in position, water thoroughly and deeply to settle the soil in place and to encourage a healthy root development. As for pH, the plant tolerates both acidic and alkaline soils well. Bletilla is a half hardy perennial, and is commonly referred to as the orchid. 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