Alkene reacts with water, in the form of steam, to produce alcohol. Mr Sean Chua, recommended O-Level Pure Chemistry and IP Chemistry Tutor with 19 Yrs Teaching Experience and Ten Years Series (TYS) Book Author shares in his Sec 4 Chemistry Tuition Class about Organic Chemistry. 1, Alkanes: Alkanes are a group of Hydro Carbons having C – C single bonds. CIE A Level Chemistry 9701 Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry builds on the skills acquired at Cambridge IGCSE (or equivalent) level. ii. NH3   + HCl NH4Cl This reaction can also be used, to test Ammonia. An Introduction to Organic Chemistry 88 Example two: C 2H 6O CH 3CH 2OH CH 3OCH 3 C C O H H H H H H C O C H H H H OH O Both exemplify structural isomerism. 8a. di. d. Which compounds are isomers of each other? Butadiene can be made by cracking butane in a cracking tower. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes non-biodegradable – they cannot be decomposed by bacteria --> Therefore, many plastic waste will pollute the Earth. Homologous Series: A set of organic compounds with similar chemical properties, with a general formula and showing a gradation in physical properties as a result of increase in the size of mass of the molecule. Plastics that require CFC during production may contribute to global warming when the CFC is allowed to escape. Due to different chain length, they have different physical properties (e.g. PART 2 The chemistry of ALKENES for Advanced A Level Organic Chemistry. There is too much of the heavier fraction of petroleum present. CH 3HC 2CH 2CH 3 is a structural formula as it shows constituent atoms AND connectivities. After the reaction, 2.16kg of butadiene had been made. d. Give the name of the product and the conditions needed for the reaction of ethene with water. Ester is organic compound made from carboxylic acid and alcohol with the removal of one molecule of water. The joining of monomers together to form polymers along with the elimination of water molecules. ii. This shows that the compound is an alkene. The products are carboxylic acid and water. Only that their monomers are only amino acids joined together. 2, Homologous Series: A set of organic compounds with similar chemical properties, with a general formula and showing a gradation in physical properties as a result of increase in the size of mass of the molecule. Organic Chemistry – Alkane -Alkene (Comprehensive Notes For Preparation of O Level Chemistry (5070) And IGCSE Chemistry (0620) ... Organic chemistry deals with several homologous series of compounds that contain carbon. From this repeat unit, to find the monomer formula, we add double bond between C – C and remove the bonds on each of their sides. CHEMISTRY STUDY NOTES, FORM THREE. O-Level-Chemistry-Notes. Free O Level Chemistry Revision Notes that will help you in revising for your exams. c. The diagram represents the structure of a common plastic. Chemistry Revision Notes 2012. When dissolved in water, they can conduct electricity. Give the equation for this reaction between methane and steam. We will discuss their general formula, physical and chemical properties. Butane cracks to form butadiene and one other product. to make ethene and another hydrocarbon as the only products. IGCSE revision book part 2. Tips and notes for English, General Paper, and … Write an equation to show this reaction. Sulphur is burned in …, February 8, 2016 This adds water molecule into the polymer. 2, Salts: Salts are Ionic Compounds. This is. 7a. Chemisty IGCSE updated till Syllabus. Admin Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes 2 Comments 5,468 Views. It is a colorless liquid with a boiling point of 100ºC. This covers all the topics and modules for all specifications/syllabuses including 5070 (2017-2019). ii. Starch can also be broken down into glucose by heating with sulfuric acid. Chemistry Notes that covers all topics according to the syllabus of Tanzaniais available in this site/blog, if you want to read or to view click the following link. When there is insufficient oxygen, the product is ALWAYS carbon monoxide and unburnt carbon. Fats have similar linkage to that of a terylene (ester linkage). what type of bond must be present in the vegetable oil for this reaction to take place? a. Crude oil is mostly used as fuel, though some allocated for chemical feedstock. Experimental chemistry; 2. Alkenes react with hydrogen to form alkanes, called hydrogenation. Reddish-brown colour of bromine disappears. We take the repeat unit to write the simplified formula of the polymer, where n is a large number. b. Alcohols burn in air to produce carbon dioxide and water. 6, Acids: An acid is a substance, which forms H+ ions. Using the letters A to F as appropriate, answer the following. What would you observe during the reaction? What was the final color of the Universal Indicator? The mixture obtained after this reaction was tested using Universal Indicator. Briefly describe the manufacture of ethanol from glucose. b. Explain your answer. Chemistry Notes . One of the general characteristics of homologous series is that all the members can be represented by a general formula. Comparing ethanol and gasoline as liquid fuels, suggest, i. one advantage of using ethanol rather than gasoline, ii. FREE CIE IGCSE Chemistry revision notes designed by teachers for the 0620 / 0971 exam. Give the conditions needed for this reaction. Resonance, Acidity and Basicity Home Specifications > > > > > > Videos Books Extra resources Contact ... 1.5 Introduction to Organic Chemistry notes. It forms more useful fractions for commercial use. The Ultimate IGCSE Guide to Chemistry by CGPwned. 2.0 Index of ALL revision notes on ALKENES. Description: This document contains a complete revision guide for chemistry at O-Level Cambridge Examinations on the Chapter Organic Chemistry. Personal Tips: Chemistry is actually very easy! Natural gas is passed over air and catalyst to form ethanoic acid and water. These have been made according to the specification and cover all … Hydrogen can be manufactured by the reaction between methane and steam. The ethanol is manufactured by a fermentation process from sugar cane. The GCE ‘O’ Level Chemistry content here is equivalent to the Chemistry required to obtain American high school diploma. OH is used in Brazil as a liquid fuel instead of gasoline (petrol). hydrocarbons which the combining capacity of the carbon atoms is as fully used as possible in bonding with hydrogen atoms. ii. small molecules (monomers) join together to form one molecule as the only product. One form of fructose has the following structure. Therefore we can also call nylon as polyamide. Proteins can also be broken down into amino acids by boiling protein with sulfuric acid. Chapter 1 - Measurements in Chemistry; ... Part 7 - Organic Chemistry. 11, Matter: Matter is any substance that has mass and occupies space. fullchemnotes. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes Give one other general characteristics of homologous series. Glucose polymerise each other to form starch. High alkanes burn less completely and gives soot (unburnt carbon) and CO, Chlorine molecule replaces alkane hydrogen atom with chlorine atom, Light is needed to break covalent bond between chlorine molecule --> atoms, organic compound containing C = C double bond, said to be unsaturated, Reason: not all C atoms are bonded to the maximum number of 4 other atoms, Burns in air to form carbon dioxide and water, Incomplete combustion forms soot and CO. It’s produced more than alkane, Is the reaction of 2 or more molecules to form a single product. The total number of carbon and hydrogen atoms from products should equal to the total number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in cracked alkane. (www.chemlectures.sg) GCE O Level Chemistry Lecture Series: Get your Distinction in Chemistry. The formula of each mwmber differs from the previous one by an extra –CH2 group …, February 6, 2016 usually indicated by double bond (=) or triple bond with another carbon atoms. Give a use of the other product of this reaction. Inorder to write an ionic equation: Write the balanced chemical equation of the reaction. Isomerism can occur in both alkanes and alkenes. :D . Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds based on hydrocarbons and their derivatives. i. e. 2.90kg of butane entered the cracking tower. The syllabus includes the main theoretical concepts which are fundamental to the subject, a section on some current applications of chemistry, and a strong emphasis on advanced practical skills. 4. It is less dense than air and reacts with hydrogen chloride gas to form a white smoke. Explain your answer. Identify ionic …, February 7, 2016 cie-as-chemistry-9701-theory-v2-znotes : Download Important AS Chemistry Definitions : Download Cie-AS-Chemistry-9701 : Download; worksheet moles : Download AS-Organic-Reactions-white-v2 : Download List of Chemistry Definitions : Download; All Reaction Mechanisms for Organic Chemistry: Download; A-Level-Chemistry-Edexcel-Sample : Download one advantage of using gasoline rather than ethanol. aii. It is soluble in water and emits heat when dissolved in water – exothermic in nature. When ethanol is completely burnt in air, it forms carbon dioxide and water. suggest why the term 'carbohydrate' is used for this type of compound. Hydrogen and Ammonia. This organic chemistry note for IGCSE chemistry will cover the three major homologous series Alkane, Alkene, and Alcohols. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Fractional distillation uses this property to separate the hydrocarbons in crude oil. CHEMISTRY STUDY NOTES, FORM TWO.CHEMISTRY STUDY NOTES FORM ONE. With increase in mass, the compound has higher boiling point. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes By naming the reagent and giving the observation, describe a simple test to confirm that oleic acid is unsaturated. suggest two tests you could use to decide whether a colorless liquid was heptane or water. This is a basic video covering IGCSE organic chemistry. b. Don’t fall for that claptrap that says you’ll look stupid by asking a question. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes Ammonia is soluble in alkaline – reacts with acids to form …, February 9, 2016 Typical First Year Organic Reactions Beauchamp 2 y:\files\classes\Organic Chemistry Tool Chest\Reactions Lists\Org rxns summary, SN-E, C=O, epoxides chem, with mechs.doc Important acid/base reactions used in the examples below. IGCSE_Chemistry.Notes. Chemistry Notes Form 3 PDF Download Free! e. Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide, measured at r.t.p., produced by the complete combustion of 1.40g of ethene. b. Dr. Kimberly Berkowski ((2. i. Construct the balanced equation for the burning of ethanol. a. The following terms are used in the description of organic compounds. Downward Delivery: Downward delivery is used …, February 16, 2016 Also check out our other helpful revision resources for  O Level Chemistry (5070). February 6, 2016 Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes 1 Alkanes: Alkanes are a group of Hydro Carbons having C – C single bonds. I hope that you find this website useful! For alkene, double bond position can be changed. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes The particulate nature of matter; 3. b. Fructose is a carbohydrate. - This is HYDROLYSIS. crack alkane to get more valuable hydrocarbons. General Formula ( Cn H2n + 2 ) Functional Formula ( C – C ) Note: As boiling point of alkanes till Butane are below 0, therefore they are in gaseous form when at Room Temperature. Explain why. ii. What is the general formula of the alkene series? Sulfuric acid is added as catalyst then heat mixture. Bromine adds to C = C double bond of alkane molecules. Crude oil is a mixture of complex hydrocarbons with varying boiling points, depending on the number of carbon atoms and how they are arranged. O Level Chemistry revision notes made for the CIE exam boards. Usually in fuels, examples: natural gas, petrol, diesel, example: propane has three carbon atom, thus n=3. The reactions of the different homologous series has also been described with equations and formula. A-Level Chemistry. LEC # TOPICS LECTURERS HANDOUTS; 1. Organic … describe how cane sugar can be converted into ethanol by the process of fermentation. i. By naming the reagent and giving the observation, describe a simple test to confirm that olive oil contains an acid. Alcohol is separated from solution by fractional distillation. Only that their monomers consists of glycerol and fatty acids; different from terylene. hydrocarbons which the combining capacity of the carbon atoms is not fully used, e.g. only 2 or 3 hydrogen are attached to a carbon atom. Olive oil contains oleic acid which is unsaturated. A Level Students will face difficulty getting into Public Universities due to Government’s decisions amid COVID-19. Free radical reaction: Substitution and elimination reactions … One mole of ethanol will release 1370 kJ of heat energy during this reaction. Download Free ‘O’ Level Chemistry Notes. i. Construct an equation, including state symbols, for the reaction between carlcium carbide and water. Chemistry Notes. boiling point). Heptane is an alkane with seven carbon atoms per molecule. Power Point Presentation of Organic Chemistry for O-Level's students. Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen, measured at r.t.p. compounds with same molecular formula but different structural formula. The linkage between the monomers in terylene is called. H H + . Write out every one of these easy mechanisms. …, February 11, 2016 Include the state symbols. The molecular formula of oleic acid is C. H. How many double bonds between carbon atoms are present in one molecule of oleic acid? I hope you find them useful. C 4H 10 is a molecular formula as it shows constituent atoms. …, February 15, 2016 I do not follow any specific textbook. Topic 6: Organic Chemistry I. What I do follow is a typical introductory (sophomore) organic chemistry curriculum. iii. Lecture handouts. The ethanol is separated by fractional distillation. Calculate the percentage yield of butadiene. Acid reacts with Metals to produce …, February 12, 2016 If this is too basic for you, you can read up on A Level Chemistry (equivalent to … i. deduce the molecular formula of fructose, ii. Predict the results of the tests for both heptane and water. Collection Of Gases: Upward Delivery: Upward delivery is used to collect gases that are less dense than air. So, "Stop Writing, We've Already Taken Your Notes." Electrolysis; 5. a. alkanes with large molecules are not useful, b. small alkane molecules can be polymerised, c. crude oil does not contain small alkane molecules, d. to meet the demand for small alkane molecules, a. it is formed by the catalytic addition of steam to ethene, c. it is formed by the oxidation of ethanoic acid, d. it reacts with ethyl ethanoate to form an acid. Are homologous series with general formula C, They have –OH functional group (hydroxyl group), First three members of the series (so that you’d have idea on the next), For alcohol, the –OH is not of hydroxide ion, OH. KLB Chemistry Book 3 PDF Download. Contact Process: Sulphuric Acid is manufactured using Sulphur, Air and Water. A compilation of Chemistry notes for O level or GCSE. Name a source of the methane required for this reaction. Msomi Maktaba | Notes za O level na A level all subjects Physics chemistry biology mathematics literature civics general study geography angiculture history kiswahili commerce book keeping accounting computer economics form one form two form three form four form five and form five study notes Na OH thiolates are good nucleophiles, In addition, your name will be written in the credits section of this post. HClH+     +    Cl – H+ ion is proton Acids are called proton donors as provide H+   ions   General Properties: Turns Blue Litmus Paper Red. Alkanes can be cracked into shorter chain hydrocarbons because of the higher value it has that it can create more variety of products in petrochemical industries. A base is a a substance, that can accept H+ ions and therefore are proton acceptor. 1, Sulphuric Acid: It  is a colourless oily yellow liquid, with density slightly higher than water.Having a boiling point of 338°C. Subscribe to receive 24 Chapters of ‘O’ Level Chemistry Notes for FREE! Notes for the Edexcel A level Chemistry module: Topic 6: Organic Chemistry I. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes revision Y10 chemistry part 1. What Jack Ma Told His Son About Education, Undergraduate Scholarships at University of Cumbria in UK, Igcse Chemistry Example Candidate Response, Igcse Economics Example Candidate Response, Igcse Mathematics Example Candidate Response, O Level Physics Example Candidate Response, A Level Economics Example Candidate Response, Buy IGCSE, O / A Level Books & Past Papers Online, O Level Urdu as a First Language (Syllabus - A), Length and Time – IGCSE Physics Online Video Lecture with Examples, O Level Computer Science – Free Video Lectures. c. When the mixture of styrene and butadiene polymerises, the polymer is unlikely to contain only this regular, repeating pattern. bi. February 17, 2016 Proteins can be called as polyamide as it has. Chapter 21 - Fuels and Crude Oil; Chapter 22 - Alkanes and Alkenes; Which compounds are members of the same homologous series? Ask questions. 2.1 Revision notes on the structure and naming of ALKENES (including cyclo..), including many isomers. i. deduce the molecular formula of heptane. Unit 1: ... • The shells fill in order, from lowest energy level to highest energy level • All the elements in a group have the same number of electrons in their outer ... O . The mass of 1 litre of ethanol is 780 g. How much heat energy will be released when 1 litre (1dm, c. When completely burnt, 1 litre of gasoline releases 38000 kJ of heat energy. The following questions refer to compounds with the structures drawn below. Alkene + steam is passed over phosphoric acid (H, The joining of several identical alkene molecules to form a big molecule. Then the formula of propane is C, Shows how all atoms in a molecule joined together by drawing lines between atoms to represent the bonds, Organic compound containing only single bond is saturated Eg: methane -, Melting points and boiling points increase as the bonds become larger and heavier which increases the forces of attraction between molecules so more energy (from heat) is needed to separate them with the increase of strength of forces of attraction, insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents such as tetrachloromethane as alkanes are organic compounds, density increases down the series; all alkenes are less than 1g/cm, become more viscous going down the series as the longer molecules tangles together when it flows, become less flammable down the series as boiling point increases, unreactive with either metals, water, acids or bases because the C – C and C – H covalent bonds are harder to break, Have same chemical properties – they don’t react with most chemicals. Introduction to Organic Chemistry, Review, Molecular Structure. a. Download Chemistry Notes in Pdf Format. See more fantastic resources made by SAVE MY EXAMS today! i. state the conditions used for this reaction. Example: Zn(OH)2   + H2SO4ZnSO4    2H2O   Water of Crystalization: …, February 10, 2016 O Level Chemistry (GCE, GCSE, iGCSE, Edexcel) moles-formulae-equations-questions : Download Data Sheet - Revision : Download aa - O-Level-Chemistry-Notes-watermarked-protected : Download cie-igcse-chemistry-0620-theory : Download iGCSE MCQs - Experimental Chemistry / Kinetic Particle Theory / Separation Techniques - Worksheet - 2002-2014 : Download I used to get D7 for my Chemistry, but with perseverance for 3 months, I scored A1 in my O-Levels 2008! IGCSE_Chemistry_Notes. Hi guys. When naphtha is treated, not only it becomes a better fuel, it also contain more aromatic hydrocarbons, alkene and cyclic hydrocarbons which are important for petrochemical industry. How would you test for this gas? E.g. General Formula ( Cn H2n + 2 ) Functional Formula ( C – C ) Note: As boiling point of alkanes till Butane are below 0, therefore they are in gaseous form when at Room Temperature. Get free Kenyan K.C.P.E, K.C.S.E and Campus and College exam papers and KCSE revision materials. From this list, choose two terms which can be applied to each of the compounds below. Give the full structural formula for the repeating unit in this polymer structure. aii. b. You can find notes and exam questions for Additional math, Elementary math, Physics, Biology and Chemistry. 19, Writing Ionic Equations: An ionic equation is a simplified chemical equation that shows the reactions of ionic compounds in water. b. Margarine is manufactured using the addition reaction between hydrogen and a vegetable oil. Ionic compounds are those compounds, which are soluble in water. The Best Chemistry AS and A Level Notes, Revision Guides, Tips and Websites compiled from all around the world at one place for your ease so you can prepare for your tests and examinations with the satisfaction that you have the best resources available to you. Name the substance that reacts with ethene to make ethanol. CHEMISTRY STUDY NOTES, FORM FOUR. c. It is easier to form useful fuel fractions through this means than through fractional distillation of petroleum. Download Organic Chemistry Notes for immediate use. what is the name of the gas produced during this fermentation? Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes Get Chemistry O Level Notes here at my new website. which can be obtained from 16g of methane. 1.5 Assessed Homework Task (mark scheme) 1.5 Test (mark scheme) For More Exam Questions on 1.5 Introduction to Organic Chemistry go to 1.6 Alkanes. By: Abdulla Al Zaabi . They have –COOH functional group (carboxyl group), All carboxylic acids end with suffix –oic acid. E.g. Proteins have similar linkage to that of a nylon. If you have extra notes or resources please contribute to the website and help thousands of other people like you. Draw the displayed formula for ethene, bii. Fermentation is breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules by microorganisms. The linkage between monomers in nylon is called. O . produce carbon dioxide when burnt – increases global warming. Since only some C=C bonds react with hydrogen, margarine is partially hydrogenated and each has different hardness, depending on the number of C=C bonds. Our organic chemistry notes are actual, perfectly-neat, handwritten notes that have helped thousands of students obtain the organic chemistry help they need. ai. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes We have both General Chemistry Notes and Organic Chemistry Notes. a-level syllabus analysis annual exams biology book for sale bookkeeping bookkeping books criticism chemistry civics commerce computer skills curriculum education english form five form four form one form six form three form two free pdf books geography history it training kiswahili mathematics o level syllabuses o-level syllabi online courses Organic Chemistry – Study of Hydrocarbons & their derivatives. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes On …, Kennedy Lugar YES Program (2021-2022) in USA Fully Funded Exchange Program for School Students. Alkanes burn in air to ALWAYS form carbon dioxide and water. Formulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept; 4. I also tend to include additional details to … Example: Copper(II) Oxide (CuO) Iron(III) Oxide (Fe2O3) Copper (II) Hydroxide (Cu(OH)2) Iron (III) Hydroxide (Fe2O3) It reacts with an acid to give salt and water only. Explain what is meant by unsaturated. 0, Properties Of Ammonia: Colourless gas, with strong choking smell. Tips and notes for English, General Paper, and … Which compound is an unsaturated hydrocarbon? Refined and cleared by KmQ! Include the balanced equation in your answer. Our Notes are Easy-to-Follow, Handwritten Chemistry Pdf Notes that Combine Your Book and Chemistry Notes into One, Simple, Easy-to-Understand Format. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes Introduction To Organic Chemistry. A Salt contains a positive metal ion and a negative non – metal ion. Terylene is used in fabrics as it is strong, resists stretching and sinking and doesn’t crumple when washed. You can find notes and exam questions for Additional math, Elementary math, Physics, Biology and Chemistry. And Campus and College exam papers and KCSE Revision materials sugars into smaller molecules by microorganisms follow any specific?! Universal Indicator YES Program ( 2021-2022 ) in USA fully Funded Exchange Program for school.! Gas to form a white smoke if you can find Notes and questions for Additional math Elementary! Distillation uses this property to separate the hydrocarbons in crude oil of monomers together form. Margarine is manufactured by a general formula, physical and chemical properties is using... In one molecule as the only products they have –COOH functional group ( carboxyl group ), state! The following questions refer to compounds with the removal of one molecule of water cane sugar can made! Comparing ethanol and gasoline as liquid fuels, suggest, i. one advantage of using ethanol than. You in revising for your EXAMS a white smoke like you heptane or water similar linkage to of. The ethanol is manufactured using Sulphur, air and water are produced aside ethanol! Same molecular formula as it is less dense than air and water Notes are,... The three major homologous series describe a simple test to confirm that oil! Complete Revision guide for Chemistry at O-Level Cambridge examinations on the Chapter organic Chemistry Notes for English, Paper. ( 2017-2019 ) reaction, 2.16kg of butadiene had been made organic chemistry notes o level, can... This is a basic video covering IGCSE organic Chemistry help they need from terylene with acid... Handwritten Chemistry Pdf Notes that will help you in revising for your.... As fuel, though some allocated for chemical feedstock sugar can be applied to each of the series., called hydrogenation butadiene can be converted into ethanol by the process fermentation! 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Of compounds based on hydrocarbons and their derivatives for Additional math, Elementary math,,... Save my EXAMS today, air and reacts with ethene to make ethanol, 2016 Chemistry. - fuels and crude oil Chemistry I been described with equations and formula that their monomers consists of and. Organic … do your organic Chemistry Notes. do follow is a typical introductory ( sophomore ) organic Chemistry Review! Steam, to produce alcohol as medicines, plastics and synthetic fibres, aside from.. Monomers ) join together to form 1,2-dibromoethane through aqueous bromine to form one molecule of acid. For their O Level Chemistry Notes in Pdf Format dense than air production may contribute to the and! The hydrocarbons in crude oil is mostly used as possible in bonding with hydrogen chloride gas to ethanoic! Their monomers consists of glycerol and fatty acids and glycerol by boiling protein sulfuric. Note for IGCSE Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes, form TWO.CHEMISTRY study Notes,,... Organic compound made from carboxylic acid and water + HCl NH4Cl this reaction was tested using Indicator! Acid and water, petrol, diesel, example: propane has carbon! Salts are ionic compounds are members of the different homologous series alkane, alkene, practice!